Potential self-medication using millipede secretions in red-fronted lemurs: combining anointment and ingestion for a joint action against gastrointestinal parasites?
It is proposed that anointing combined with the ingestion of millipedes’ benzoquinone secretions by red-fronted lemurs may act in a complementary fashion against gastrointestinal parasite infections, and more specifically Oxyuridae nematodes, providing both prophylactic and therapeutic effects.
A universal pharmacy: Possible self‐medication using tree balsam by multiple Atlantic Forest mammals
Camera trap evidence of 10 Atlantic Forest mammals fur‐rubbing, licking, or biting balsam from cabreúvas, native trees used in traditional medicine for their prophylactic and therapeutic virtues is presented.
Integrative Alternative Tactics for Ixodid Control
Ixodids (hard ticks), ectoparasitic arthropods that vector the causal agents of many serious diseases of humans, domestic animals, and wildlife, have become increasingly difficult to control because of the development of resistance against commonly applied synthetic chemical-based acaricides.
Wild Blonde Capuchins (Sapajus flavius) Perform Anointing Behaviour Using Toxic Secretions of a Millipede (Spirobolida: Rhinocricidae).
- BiologyJournal of chemical ecology
The social nature of the behavior and time of the observations (mosquito season), suggest that social bonding and mosquito avoidance is linked to the anointing behavior of the monkeys.
Effects of Formic Acid on Amblyomma americanum (Ixodida: Ixodidae) Larvae and Nymphs
- BiologyJournal of Medical Entomology
Although formic acid failed to deter or repel A. americanum, it was highly toxic as a fumigant to larvae at a 1% concentration even when exposure was limited to 5 min, and it appears that formic Acid volatiles are more lethal to A.Americanum immatures than direct contact with the external integument.
Towards Autonomous Artiﬁcial Agents? Proposal for a Naturalistic Activity-Based Model of (Artiﬁcial) Life
While the contemporary achievements of AI and robotics are indis-putable, the issue of autonomy for artiﬁcial agents still looms ahead despite technological progress and rich conceptual debates.…
Anointing with commercial insect repellent by free-ranging Cebus capucinus in Manuel Antonio National Park, Quepos, Costa Rica
Fur rubbing or anointing is a well known behavior in capuchin monkeys (Cebus and Sapajus), and may have medicinal and/or social functions. Observations of anointing in capuchins have recorded the…
Towards Autonomous Artificial Agents? Proposal for a Naturalistic Activity-Based Model of (Artificial) Life
- BusinessSpringer Series in Cognitive and Neural Systems
While the contemporary achievements of AI and robotics are indisputable, the issue of autonomy for artificial agents still looms ahead despite technological progress and rich conceptual debates.…
Fur-rubbing with Piper leaves in the San Martín titi monkey, Callicebus oenanthe
- Environmental SciencePrimate biology
Since Piper leaves include very potent compounds that may affect ectoparasites, it is tentatively interpreted that the observed fur-rubbing with leaves from Piper aduncum by a San Martín titi monkey is likely to be self-medication.
Self-medication by orang-utans (Pongo pygmaeus) using bioactive properties of Dracaena cantleyi
- BiologyScientific Reports
This work documents self-medication in the only Asian great ape, orang-utans (Pongo pygmaeus), and for the first time, to the authors' knowledge, the external application of an anti-inflammatory agent in animals.
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Animalwatching : a field guide to animal behaviour
Desmond Morris draws examples from the rainforests of Australasia, the plains of Africa, the depths of the Pacific Ocean and the heart of the English countryside, identifying behaviour patterns both…
Grooming with Trattinnickia resin: possible pharmaceutical plant use by coatis in Panama
Behavioural, ecological, physiological, phytochemical, and ethnobotanical evidence have been combined to show that the plants are probably used by these animals for medicinal rather than nutritional purposes.
The biology of millipedes
General introduction Taxonomy, evolution, and zoogeography Basic anatomy, locomotion and ecomorphology Feeding and digestion Metabolism, excretion, and water balance Nervous, sensory and…
The Socioecology of Eulemur Macaco: A Preliminary Report
- Environmental Science
The preliminary results of a 15-month field study of the socioecology of four social groups of Eulemur macaco macaco in differing forest habitats at Ambato Massif are described. The four study groups…
Handbuch der Zoologie: eine Naturgeschichte der Stä mme des Tierreiches. Gegrü ndet von Prof. Dr. Willy Kü kenthal. Herausgegeben von Dr. Thilo Krumbach. Dritter Band: Tardigrada, Pentastomida,…
Eulemur macaco (Lemuridae, Primates), for Seed Dispersal in Lokobe Forest, Madagascar
- The Importance of the Black Lemur
Hoylman AM: Grooming with Trattinnickia resin: Possible pharmaceutical plant use by coatis