Use of Electroencephalography Brain‐Computer Interface Systems as a Rehabilitative Approach for Upper Limb Function After a Stroke: A Systematic Review

@article{MongePereira2017UseOE,
  title={Use of Electroencephalography Brain‐Computer Interface Systems as a Rehabilitative Approach for Upper Limb Function After a Stroke: A Systematic Review},
  author={Esther Monge-Pereira and Jaime Iba{\~n}ez-Pereda and Isabel M. Alguacil-Diego and Jos{\'e} Ignacio Serrano and Mar{\'i}a P Spottorno-Rubio and Francisco Molina-Rueda},
  journal={PM\&R},
  year={2017},
  volume={9}
}

Brain-Computer Interfaces for upper limb motor rehabilitation of stroke patients

TLDR
A review of up-to-date assessments of BCI for upper limb stroke rehabilitation is presented from the perspective of analyzing common and different design variables presented across studies, finding a trend towards significant rehabilitation outcomes with BCI systems can be highlighted.

Brain‐machine interface of upper limb recovery in stroke patients rehabilitation: A systematic review

TLDR
Neurofeedback training with brain-computer interface systems seem to promote clinical and neurophysiologic changes in stroke patients, in particular those with long-term efficacy.

Brain–computer interface robotics for hand rehabilitation after stroke: a systematic review

TLDR
The first systematic examination of the literature on the use of BCI-robot systems for the rehabilitation of fine motor skills associated with hand movement identifies large heterogeneity in reporting and emphasise the need to develop a standard protocol for assessing technical and clinical outcomes.

Brain-Computer Interface Coupled to a Robotic Hand Orthosis for Stroke Patients’ Neurorehabilitation: A Crossover Feasibility Study

TLDR
Outcome measurements implied that a BCI intervention using a robotic hand orthosis as feedback has the potential to elicit neuroplasticity-related mechanisms, similar to those observed during conventional therapy, even in a group of severely impaired stroke patients.

Effect of brain-computer interface training based on non-invasive electroencephalography using motor imagery on functional recovery after stroke - a systematic review and meta-analysis

TLDR
Evidence was showed that BCI training added to conventional therapy may enhance motor functioning of the upper extremity and brain function recovery in patients after a stroke, and a standardised evaluation of motor imagery ability of included patients was recommended.

Towards a mechanistic approach for the development of non‐invasive brain‐computer interfaces for motor rehabilitation

TLDR
A classification of current BCI paradigms for plasticity induction and motor rehabilitation based on the expected neural plastic changes promoted is proposed and aims to serve as a starting point for future studies trying to elucidate the underlying plastic changes following BCI interventions.

Neurorehabilitation therapy of patients with severe stroke based on functional electrical stimulation commanded by a brain computer interface

TLDR
The results suggest that the proposed therapy could be beneficial in the neurorehabilitation of stroke individuals.

Reorganization of Bioelectrical Activity in the Neocortex after Stroke by Rehabilitation Using a Brain–Computer Interface Controlling a Wrist Exoskeleton

TLDR
Rehabilitation courses were followed by restoration of bioelectrical activity in the primary motor cortex due to recovery of efficient connections with the premotor and superior parietal zones and decreases in the pathological influences of the contralateral hemisphere.
...

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TLDR
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...