Use of Complex Adaptive Systems for Modeling Global Change

Abstract

Global modeling has been used for decades to assess the possible futures of humanity and the global environment. However, these models do not always satisfactorily include the adaptive characteristics of systems. In this article, a general approach is used to simulate change and transition at a macrolevel due to adaptation at a microlevel. Tools from… (More)
DOI: 10.1007/s100219900041

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