Use of CT-based intraoperative spinal navigation: management of radiation exposure to operator, staff, and patients.

@article{Bandela2013UseOC,
  title={Use of CT-based intraoperative spinal navigation: management of radiation exposure to operator, staff, and patients.},
  author={John R Bandela and R Patrick Jacob and Manuel Arreola and Thomas M Griglock and Frank Bova and Mu Yang},
  journal={World neurosurgery},
  year={2013},
  volume={79 2},
  pages={390-4}
}
OBJECTIVE Radiation exposure represents significant risk to both operating room health care workers and their patients. The commonplace surgical implantation of spinal instrumentation often relies on fluoroscopy for guidance and verification. Advances in computerized tomography (CT)-based intraoperative navigation have improved accuracy of screw placement. The objective of this article is to quantify the radiation exposure from fluoroscopic and CT-based intraoperative navigation and to provide… CONTINUE READING

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Phase 2: Health Risks from Exposure to Low Levels of Ionizing Radiation

VII BEIR
Washington DC: National Academies Press, • 2006
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