Use of Alcohol and Drugs to Self-Medicate Anxiety Disorders in a Nationally Representative Sample

@article{Bolton2006UseOA,
  title={Use of Alcohol and Drugs to Self-Medicate Anxiety Disorders in a Nationally Representative Sample},
  author={James Bolton and Brian J. Cox and Ian P. Clara and Jitender Sareen},
  journal={The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease},
  year={2006},
  volume={194},
  pages={818-825}
}
This study examined the prevalence and correlates of self-medication of anxiety disorders with alcohol and drugs in a nationally representative sample (N = 5877). A modified version of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview was used to make DSM-III-R mental disorder diagnoses. Frequencies of self-medication ranged from 7.9% (social phobia, speaking subtype) to 35.6% (generalized anxiety disorder). Among respondents with an anxiety disorder, self-medication was significantly associated… Expand
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
Self‐medication is a common behavior among people with PTSD in the community, yet has potentially hazardous consequences, and health care practitioners should assess reasons for substance use among individuals with PTSD to identify a subgroup with higher psychiatric morbidity. Expand
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Background: Using alcohol or drugs to reduce emotional distress (self-medication) has been proposed as an explanation for the high comorbidity rates between anxiety and substance use disorders.Expand
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TLDR
Anxiety disorders, especially panic disorder and PTSD, are independently associated with suicide attempts, and Clinicians need to assess suicidal behavior among patients presenting with anxiety problems. Expand
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TLDR
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