Urolithiasis through the ages

@article{Shah2002UrolithiasisTT,
  title={Urolithiasis through the ages},
  author={J. Shah and H. Whitfield},
  journal={BJU International},
  year={2002},
  volume={89}
}
The oldest urological object on record is a bladder calculus; in 1901, Elliott Smith discovered it in a prehistoric Egyptian tomb, in the pelvis of a mummy. The calculus is dated to 4800 BCE and has a uric acid nucleus with concentric laminations of calcium oxalate and ammonium magnesium phosphate [1]. The first civilizations developed within fertile areas between 3200 and 1200 BCE. Early literary references to stone disease were made within the Asûtu in Mesopotomia; these medical texts… Expand
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