Urine markers for detection and surveillance of non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer.

@article{Tilki2011UrineMF,
  title={Urine markers for detection and surveillance of non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer.},
  author={Derya Tilki and Maximilian Burger and Guido Dalbagni and Herbert Barton Grossman and Oliver W. Hakenberg and Juan Palou and Oliver M Reich and Morgan Roupr{\^e}t and Shahrokh F Shariat and Alexandre R. Zlotta},
  journal={European urology},
  year={2011},
  volume={60 3},
  pages={484-92}
}
CONTEXT Bladder cancer diagnosis and surveillance includes cystoscopy and cytology. The limitation of urinary cytology is its low sensitivity for low-grade recurrences. As of now, six urine markers are commercially available to complement cystoscopy in the detection of bladder cancer. Several promising tests are under investigation. OBJECTIVE In this nonsystematic review, we summarize the existing data on commercially available and promising investigational urine markers for the detection of… CONTINUE READING