Urine as a Biological Specimen for Forensic Analysis of Alcohol and Variability in the Urine-to-Blood Relationship

@article{Jones2006UrineAA,
  title={Urine as a Biological Specimen for Forensic Analysis of Alcohol and Variability in the Urine-to-Blood Relationship},
  author={Alan Wayne Jones},
  journal={Toxicological Reviews},
  year={2006},
  volume={25},
  pages={15-35}
}
  • A. Jones
  • Published 2006
  • Medicine
  • Toxicological Reviews
This article concerns the use of urine as a biological specimen for determination of alcohol in clinical and forensic toxicology and discusses factors that might influence variability in the urine/blood concentration ratio of alcohol. A large number of human drinking experiments were conducted to determine the time course of urine-alcohol concentrations (UAC) in relation to blood-alcohol concentrations (BAC). The UAC and BAC curves were shifted in time and the BAC curve always began to decrease… 
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  • Medicine
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TLDR
Various ways to establish the source of ethanol in PM blood are reviewed, including collection and analysis of alternative specimens, the identification of non-oxidative metabolites of ethanol, ethyl glucuronide and ethyl sulfate, the urinary metabolites of serotonin, and identification of n-propanol and n-butanol in blood, which are known putrefaction products.
Relationship Between Postmortem Urine and Blood Concentrations of GHB Furnishes Useful Information to Help Interpret Drug Intoxication Deaths.
TLDR
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TLDR
This case study focuses on the production of ethanol in a urine sample that was analyzed over a three-month period and presented is a vitreous humor metabolic panel that contains glucose, creatinine, and urea nitrogen data for this case.
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