Urinary tungsten and incident cardiovascular disease in the Strong Heart Study: An interaction with urinary molybdenum.

BACKGROUND Tungsten (W) interferes with molybdenum (Mo) binding sites and has been associated with prevalent cardiovascular disease (CVD). We evaluated if (1) W exposure is prospectively associated with incident CVD and (2) the association between urinary W levels and incident CVD is modified by urinary Mo levels. METHODS We estimated multi-adjusted… CONTINUE READING