Urinary tract infection as a risk factor for autoimmune liver disease: from bench to bedside.

@article{Smyk2012UrinaryTI,
  title={Urinary tract infection as a risk factor for autoimmune liver disease: from bench to bedside.},
  author={Daniel S. Smyk and Dimitrios P Bogdanos and Stephen Kriese and Charalambos Billinis and Andrew K. Burroughs and Eirini I Rigopoulou},
  journal={Clinics and research in hepatology and gastroenterology},
  year={2012},
  volume={36 2},
  pages={110-21}
}
Autoimmune liver diseases include autoimmune hepatitis (AIH), primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), and primary sclerosing cholangitis. A variety of environmental and genetic risk factors have been associated with these conditions. Recurrent urinary tract infections (rUTI) have been strongly associated with PBC, and to a lesser extent with AIH. These observations were initially based on the observation of significant bacteriuria in female patients with PBC. Larger epidemiological studies… CONTINUE READING

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