Urinary protein patterns in patients with Balkan endemic nephropathy


Urinary excretion of beta2-microglobulin (beta2-MG), albumin, immunoglobulin G (IgG) and protein was examined in patients with Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN), glomerulonephritis (GN) and healthy controls. The proteins were measured in morning urine samples from 74 patients with BEN, 50 healthy persons and 22 patients with GN. In BEN patients, median values for albumin, beta2-MG and protein were above upper normal limits, but median IgG was inside normal range. All patients with GN had microalbuminuria (MAU) and half of them had increased urinary beta2-MG, which was also found in eleven patients with increased urinary IgG. In BEN patients, there were significant negative correlations between eGFR and all measured urinary proteins, the composition of which changed during the course of BEN. In patients with eGFR > 60 ml/min/1.73 m2 isolated beta2-MG was the most frequent finding (10/12 patients), but MAU was present in 4/12 patients. In BEN patients with eGFR between 30 and 59 ml/min/1.73 m2, beta2-MG appeared as often as the combination of beta2-MG and albumin and isolated MAU. Out of 49 BEN patients with eGFR > 30 ml/min/1.73 m2 15 had increased urinary IgG either alone (1) or together with beta2-MG (3) or albumin (3) or beta2-MG and albumin (8). In BEN patients with GFR < 30 ml/min/1.73 m2 only 1/25 had isolated beta2-MG but increased urinary IgG with increased beta2-MG, and albumin was the most frequent. Although low-molecular weight proteinuria was the most frequent urinary finding in BEN patients, MAU was frequently detected in advanced stages of BEN but also in some patients with eGFR > 60 ml/min/1.73 m2. IgG was increasingly found as eGFR decreased.

DOI: 10.1007/s11255-013-0499-7

6 Figures and Tables

Cite this paper

@article{Djukanovic2013UrinaryPP, title={Urinary protein patterns in patients with Balkan endemic nephropathy}, author={Ljubica D Djukanovic and Vidosava B. Djordjevi{\'c} and Visnja D Lezai{\'c} and Rade {\vC}ukuranovi{\'c} and Ivko Mari{\'c} and Danica Bukvi{\'c} and Jelena Marinkovic and Jovana {\vC}ukuranovi{\'c} and Milena P. Raji{\'c} and Vladisav B Stefanovic}, journal={International Urology and Nephrology}, year={2013}, volume={45}, pages={1661-1669} }