Urinary phytoestrogens and postmenopausal breast cancer risk.

  title={Urinary phytoestrogens and postmenopausal breast cancer risk.},
  author={Isolde den Tonkelaar and Lital Keinan-Boker and Pieter van't Veer and Cot J. M. Arts and Herman C T Adlercreutz and Jos H. H. Thijssen and P. H. Peeters},
  journal={Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology},
  volume={10 3},
Phytoestrogens are defined as plant substances that are structurally or functionally similar to estradiol. We report the associations of two major phytoestrogens, genistein and enterolactone, with breast cancer risk, using urinary specimens collected 1-9 years before breast cancer was diagnosed. The subjects were 88 breast cancer cases and 268 controls, selected from a cohort of postmenopausal women (n = 14,697) who participated in a breast cancer screening program. Mean levels of urinary… CONTINUE READING
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