Urinary phthalate metabolites and their biotransformation products: predictors and temporal variability among men and women


Most epidemiology studies investigating the potential adverse health effects in relation to phthalates measure the urinary concentration of the free plus glucuronidated species of phthalate metabolites (i.e., total concentration) to estimate exposure. However, the free species may represent the biologically relevant dose. In this study, we collected 943… (More)
DOI: 10.1038/jes.2012.7


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