Urinary cadmium and age-related macular degeneration.

  title={Urinary cadmium and age-related macular degeneration.},
  author={Jay C. Erie and Jonathan A. Good and John A Butz and David Hodge and Jose S. Pulido},
  journal={American journal of ophthalmology},
  volume={144 3},
PURPOSE To evaluate the association between urinary and blood cadmium (Cd) levels with age-related macular degeneration (AMD). DESIGN Prospective case-control study. METHODS In 53 participants older than 60 years with AMD in both eyes and in 53 age-matched (+/- 3 years) controls without AMD, Cd levels were measured in blood and urine specimens (with and without creatinine adjustment) by using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. Data on age, gender, smoking status, and family… CONTINUE READING
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