Urinary cadmium, osteopenia, and osteoporosis in the US population

@article{Wu2009UrinaryCO,
  title={Urinary cadmium, osteopenia, and osteoporosis in the US population},
  author={Q Wu and Jeanette H. Magnus and Joseph G. Hentz},
  journal={Osteoporosis International},
  year={2009},
  volume={21},
  pages={1449-1454}
}
The association between cadmium and osteoporosis in a multiethnic population is unclear. We found that urinary cadmium is consistently associated with osteopenia and osteoporosis in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, regardless of age, sex, race, and smoking status. Cadmium exposure may be an independent risk factor for osteoporosis. Our purpose was to test whether cadmium exposure is associated with a higher prevalence of osteopenia and osteoporosis in the general US… CONTINUE READING