Urinary Phthalate Concentrations in Mothers and Their Children in Ireland: Results of the DEMOCOPHES Human Biomonitoring Study

  title={Urinary Phthalate Concentrations in Mothers and Their Children in Ireland: Results of the DEMOCOPHES Human Biomonitoring Study},
  author={Elizabeth Cullen and David S Evans and Chris Griffin and Padraig Burke and Rory Mannion and Damien Burns and Andrew Flanagan and Anne Kellegher and Greet Schoeters and Eva Govarts and Pierre Biot and Ludwine Casteleyn and Argelia Casta{\~n}o and Marike Kolossa-Gehring and Marta Esteban and Gerda Schwedler and Holger M. Koch and Jürgen Angerer and Lisbeth E. Knudsen and Reinhard Joas and Anke Joas and Birgit Dumez and Ovnair Sepai and Karen S. Exley and Dominique Aerts},
  journal={International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health},
Background: Phthalates are chemicals which are widespread in the environment. Although the impacts on health of such exposure are unclear, there is evidence of a possible impact on the incidence of a diverse range of diseases. Monitoring of human exposure to phthalates is therefore important. This study aimed to determine the extent of phthalate exposure among mothers and their children in both rural and urban areas in Ireland, and to identify factors associated with elevated concentrations. It… 

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