Urinary Concentrations of Bisphenol A and 4-Nonylphenol in a Human Reference Population

  title={Urinary Concentrations of Bisphenol A and 4-Nonylphenol in a Human Reference Population},
  author={Antonia M. Calafat and Zsuzsanna Kuklenyik and John A. Reidy and Samuel P. Caudill and John Ekong and Larry L. Needham},
  journal={Environmental Health Perspectives},
  pages={391 - 395}
Bisphenol A (BPA) is used to manufacture polycarbonate plastic and epoxy resins, which are used in baby bottles, as protective coatings on food containers, and for composites and sealants in dentistry. 4-Nonylphenol (NP) is used to make nonylphenol ethoxylates, nonionic surfactants applied as emulsifying, wetting, dispersing, or stabilizing agents in industrial, agricultural, and domestic consumer products. The potential for human exposure to BPA and NP is high because of their widespread use… 

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