Urge incontinence: estimating environmental and obstetrical risk factors using an identical twin study

@article{Gamble2010UrgeIE,
  title={Urge incontinence: estimating environmental and obstetrical risk factors using an identical twin study},
  author={Tondalaya L Gamble and Hongyan Du and Peter K. Sand and Sylvia M. Botros and M Rurak and Roger P. Goldberg},
  journal={International Urogynecology Journal},
  year={2010},
  volume={21},
  pages={939-946}
}
Introduction and hypothesisThe objective of this study was to determine risk factors for urge urinary incontinence (UUI).MethodsA multi-item survey was administered to a community sample of identical twin sisters from 2002–2008. Generalized estimating equations accounting for co-twin correlation were used to perform three different regression models on the outcome: UUI (yes vs. no).ResultsMean age, median parity, and BMI were 41.4 ± 16.4 (18–85), 1.0, and 26.0 ± 6.5 (13.5–55.8), respectively… CONTINUE READING

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Psychological and Physical Environmental Factors in the Development of Incontinence in Adults and Children: A Comprehensive Review.

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