Urethral responses to sacral stimulation in chronic spinal dog.


Urethral activity was investigated in the awake chronic spinal-injured canine using urodynamic recordings, video cystofluoroscopy, and urethral pressure recordings without anesthesia. Bladder contractions and voiding were induced by electrical stimulation with epidural electrodes inserted into the sacral canal. Urethral pressure remained elevated during… (More)


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