Urbanization is associated with increased asthma morbidity and mortality in Brazil

  title={Urbanization is associated with increased asthma morbidity and mortality in Brazil},
  author={Eduardo Vieira Ponte and Alvaro A. Cruz and Rodrigo Abensur Athanazio and Regina Maria de Carvalho-Pinto and Frederico LA Fernandes and Maur{\'i}cio Lima Barreto and Rafael Stelmach},
  journal={The Clinical Respiratory Journal},
  pages={410 - 417}
Previous cross‐sectional studies could establish an association between prevalence of self‐reported wheeze and urban–rural environment, but the impact of urbanization on meaningful outcomes of asthma for public health is not established yet. 

Asthma mortality among Mexican children: Rural and urban comparison and trends, 1999‐2016

This study compares asthma mortality rates (AMR) by zone of residence of Mexican children in urban rather than rural zones to assess asthma mortality by zone in children.

A comparison of asthma prevalence in adolescents living in urban and semi-urban areas in northwestern Iran

It was found that the prevalence of asthma was more common in people living in urban area compared to those living in semi-urban area, and the related risk factors for asthma were having a pet at home and history of allergy.

Hospital admission rate in children and adolescents with mild persistent asthma

The health and financial burden of mild‐persistent asthma has been poorly investigated and the need for further investigation is to be addressed.

Age is associated with asthma phenotypes

Evaluated whether age is associated with specific asthma phenotypes is evaluated, which is important as population is ageing, asthma is becoming common in older ages and recently developed treatments for asthma are guided by phenotypes.

Childhood asthma in low and middle-income countries: Where are we now?

Childhood Asthma: Low and Middle-Income Countries Perspective.

Asthma poses significant challenges to low-middle income countries (LMICs) and adaptation and implementation of national asthma guidelines tailored to local needs should be a public health priority.

Spatial Association of Respiratory Health with Social and Environmental Factors: Case Study of Cook County, IL

The usefulness of geospatial regression analysis is illustrated in the analysis and presentation of spatially distributed asthma prevalence among the population with disabilities, minorities with the language barrier, nonwhite population, age 17 and younger, and age 65 and older in Cook County, IL where Chicago Metropolitan Area located.

Asthma mortality in Brazil, 1980-2012: a regional perspective

Asthma mortality rates in urban and rurban Brazil showed a downward trend similar to that of the national scenario, whereas rural Brazil showed the opposite behavior.

Asthma prevalence and severity in low-resource communities

A narrative review of recent publications on the burden of asthma in low and middle-income countries (LMIC) and underprivileged communities from developed countries suggests proper diagnosis and treatment with controller medications for asthma is feasible and cost-effective in low-resource settings.

Association between atopic disease and anemia in pediatrics: a cross-sectional study

The findings suggest that atopic disease was associated with IDA, and further study is needed to clarify the distinction between IDA and/or AI to better understand the cause of anemia in patients with inflammatory diseases.



Urbanisation is associated with prevalence of childhood asthma in diverse, small rural communities in Ecuador

Evidence is provided that the prevalence of asthma increases with increasing levels of urbanisation in transitional communities, and factors associated with greater socioeconomic level and changes towards a more urban lifestyle may be particularly important.

Effect of urbanisation on asthma, allergy and airways inflammation in a developing country setting

Peri-urban adolescents in Peru had more asthma, atopy and airways inflammation and were exposed to more indoor pollution, providing evidence of the risks posed to lung health by peri-Urban environments in developing countries.

Urbanization and childhood asthma: an African perspective.

  • E. Weinberg
  • Medicine
    The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology
  • 2000

A comparison of asthma prevalence and morbidity between rural and urban schoolchildren in Arkansas.

Risk factors for atopic and non-atopic asthma in a rural area of Ecuador

The present study showed a predominance of non-atopic compared with atopic wheeze among schoolchildren living in a poor rural region of tropical Latin America and may indicate different causal mechanisms.

A National Survey of Adult Asthma Prevalence by Urban-Rural Residence U.S. 2005

Asthma prevalence is as high in rural as in urban areas as well as in metropolitan areas, suggesting certain demographic, behavioral, and health care characteristics unique to place of residence might affect asthma prevalence.

Risk factors for pediatric asthma. Contributions of poverty, race, and urban residence.

The results suggest that the higher prevalence of asthma among black children is not due to race or to low income per se, and that all children living in an urban setting are at increased risk for asthma.

Prevalence of exercise induced bronchospasm in Kenyan school children: an urban-rural comparison

The study findings support a view which is gaining increasing credence that the increase in prevalence of childhood asthma associated with urbanisation is the consequence of various harmful environmental exposures acting on increasingly susceptible populations.