Urban sprawl as a risk factor in motor vehicle occupant and pedestrian fatalities.

  title={Urban sprawl as a risk factor in motor vehicle occupant and pedestrian fatalities.},
  author={Reid Ewing and Richard A. Schieber and Charles V. Zegeer},
  journal={American journal of public health},
  volume={93 9},
OBJECTIVES We sought to determine the association between urban sprawl and traffic fatalities. METHODS We created a sprawl index by applying principal components analysis to data for 448 US counties in the largest 101 metropolitan areas. Regression analysis was used to determine associations between the index and traffic fatalities. RESULTS For every 1% increase in the index (i.e., more compact, less sprawl), all-mode traffic fatality rates fell by 1.49% (P <.001) and pedestrian fatality… CONTINUE READING
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