Urban residential environments and senior citizens’ longevity in megacity areas: the importance of walkable green spaces

  title={Urban residential environments and senior citizens’ longevity in megacity areas: the importance of walkable green spaces},
  author={Takehito Takano and K Nakamura and Masanori Watanabe},
  journal={Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health},
  pages={913 - 918}
Study objectives: To study the association between greenery filled public areas that are nearby a residence and easy to walk in and the longevity of senior citizens in a densely populated, developed megacity. Design: Cohort study. Methods: The authors analysed the five year survival of 3144 people born in 1903, 1908, 1913, or 1918 who consented to a follow up survey from the records of registered Tokyo citizens in relation to baseline residential environment characteristics in 1992. Main… 
Neighborhood Urban Green Spaces for Senior Citizens and Children, Case Study: Delhi
  • Anita Mandal
  • Sociology
    Advanced Studies in Efficient Environmental Design and City Planning
  • 2021
Due to rapid urbanization trend, the distance between city inhabitants and nature is increasing day by day and it is necessary to bridge this gap by promoting urban green spaces in the city. Green
Neighborhood and healthy aging in a German city: distances to green space and senior service centers and their associations with physical constitution, disability, and health-related quality of life
This cross-sectional study examined the associations between proximity to two features of the residential environment (green space and senior service centers) and three aspects of healthy aging (self-rated physical constitution, disability, and health-related quality of life), finding no clear associations.
Designing Urban Green Spaces for Older Adults in Asian Cities
The results indicate that the duration of visits to UGSs was positively associated with mental health and social functioning, two subscales evaluating health-related quality of life in SF 12v2, and the statistical model showed that such a correlation was especially significant in women and those with low social support and social capital.
Investigating the Association between Outdoor Environment and Outdoor Activities for Seniors Living in Old Residential Communities
The results show that there is a significant association between nature-exposure activities and layout, greenery, and poor air quality and could guide Chinese officials when renewing ORCs by addressing the most important outdoor environmental factors associated with ODAs.
Building an Age-friendly City for Elderly Citizens through Co-designing an Urban Walkable Scenario
This paper is based on the research project – “LONGEVICITY” - carried out in the Metropolitan Area of Milan, which looks at the cities of the future as highly populated by long-living active people
Morbidity is related to a green living environment
It is indicated that the previously established relation between green space and a number of self-reported general indicators of physical and mental health can also be found for clusters of specific physician-assessed morbidity.


Health Levels Influenced by Urban Residential Conditions in a Megacity—Tokyo
Influences of residential conditions in a megacity on the health levels of residents were investigated and it was elucidated that the coping attitude of the elderly is related with their educational level, family structure, frequency of receiving health information and contact with a family doctor.
Space to Grow Old In: The Availability of Public Spaces for Elderly Persons in Singapore
Using a political economy approach, this paper examines the provision of facilities and services for elderly persons in urban Singapore. It posits that policies concerning this group are socially
An analysis of health levels and various indicators of urban environments for Healthy Cities projects
The health determinants are closely related to the health status of a population and individual determinants interact with each other, in addition to individual health determinant indices having a high correlation with the health level index of the population.
Socioeconomic and demographic predictors of mortality and institutional residence among middle aged and older people: results from the Longitudinal Study.
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To identify socioeconomic and demographic predictors of long term mortality and institutional residence in old age, taking into account changes in socioeconomic and demographic
Poverty and health. Prospective evidence from the Alameda County Study.
The hypothesis that properties of the sociophysical environment may be important contributors to the association between low socioeconomic status and excess mortality is supported, and that this contribution is independent of individual behaviors.
The spatial association between community air pollution and mortality: a new method of analyzing correlated geographic cohort data.
It is demonstrated that the spatial autocorrelation in community mortality rates can be accounted for through the inclusion of location in the model assessing the effects of air pollution on mortality, a sign of not fully characterizing potentially confounding risk factors to the air pollution-mortality association.
Wanted: designs for health in the urban environment.
The causes of urban deprivation and ill health, and the approaches needed to tackling them, are discussed below, with special reference to conditions in European cities.
Healthy Cities and the city planning process: a background document on links between health and urban planning
The links between urban planning and health are many and varied. Environmental, social and economic conditions in cities can have both positive and negative influences on human health and centre.