Urban ecology as an interdisciplinary field: differences in the use of “urban” between the social and natural sciences

@article{McIntyre2004UrbanEA,
  title={Urban ecology as an interdisciplinary field: differences in the use of “urban” between the social and natural sciences},
  author={Nancy E. McIntyre and Kim Knowles-Y{\'a}nez and Diane Hope},
  journal={Urban Ecosystems},
  year={2004},
  volume={4},
  pages={5-24}
}
Abstract“If you wish to converse with me, define your terms.” —attributed to Voltaire, The Home Book of Quotations: Classical and Modern, Fourth edition (B. Stevenson, ed.), p. 428, Dodd, Mead and Co., New York, NY, 1944Though there is a growing appreciation of the importance of research on urban ecosystems, the question of what constitutes an urban ecosystem remains. Although a human-dominated ecosystem is sometimes considered to be an accurate description of an urban ecosystem, describing an… Expand

Tables from this paper

Evolution and future of urban ecological science: ecology in, of, and for the city
Abstract The contrast between ecology in cities and ecology of cities has emphasized the increasing scope of urban ecosystem research. Ecology in focuses on terrestrial and aquatic patches withinExpand
Interdisciplinary foundations of urban ecology
TLDR
The paper concludes that these “largely ignored” contributions offer urban ecology the opportunity to claim much broader depth as a field gaining access to precedents and innovations accomplished during the field’s early theoretical development. Expand
Bridging the divide in urban sustainability: from human exemptionalism to the new ecological paradigm
This paper reviews the main bodies of contemporary urban sustainability theory. From this analysis, two underpinning paradigms of urban sustainability are identified: (1) The ‘Human ExemptionalismExpand
Beyond the urban: rethinking urban ecology using Kolkata as a case study
Urban ecology is an emerging discipline providing opportunities for inclusion, incorporation and integration of methodologies from numerous disciplines across natural and social sciences. StudiesExpand
Invasion ecology goes to town: from disdain to sympathy
TLDR
It is argued that interest in urban invasions echoes a broader evolution in how ecologists view “ the city” in relation to “the natural”, and how the advent of an urban turn in ecology and, more recently, in invasion ecology has challenged fundamental concepts about “nativity’, “naturalness” and human agency in nature. Expand
Shifting concepts of urban spatial heterogeneity and their implications for sustainability
ContextSpatial heterogeneity has myriad influences on ecosystem processes, ecosystem services, and thus the sustainability of urban areas. It acts as a medium for urban design, planning, andExpand
How much of the world’s land has been urbanized, really? A hierarchical framework for avoiding confusion
Urbanization has transformed the world’s landscapes, resulting in a series of ecological and environmental problems. To assess urbanization impacts and improve sustainability, one of the firstExpand
Integrative approaches to investigating human-natural systems: the Baltimore ecosystem study
This paper presents an overview of the research approaches used to study metropolitan Baltimore (Maryland, USA) as an ecological system. The urban ecosystem is a complex of biophysical, social, andExpand
F. R. Adler and C. J. Tanner: Urban Ecosystems: Ecological Principles for the Built Environment
Jane Jacobs (1961) closes her book The Death and Life of Great American Cities with a reflection on what type of question a city poses. Her response is one that indicates that cities are complexExpand
INFORMAL ECOLOGY: AN EMERGENT APPROACH TOWARDS LANDSCAPE INTEGRATION IN CARACAS, VENEZUELA
Intended as a contribution to the debate on inclusive cities, this paper proposes that the re-imagination of new city landscapes lies on the integrative sum of its parts. Considering that knowledgeExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 165 REFERENCES
A social ecology approach and applications of urban ecosystem and landscape analyses: a case study of Baltimore, Maryland
The early interactions between plant, animal, and human ecology in the 1920s in the United States provide an initial basis for understanding and directing an integrated ecosystem approach to theExpand
Cities as environments
In starting a new journal about urban ecosystems, it is useful to review some of the dominant themes that have run through recent and historic discussions of cities as environments. Although concernExpand
A Paradigm Shift
TLDR
The current level of ecological understanding is inadequate to foretell the potential effects of increased human population density and its associated landscape modification and energy consumption on populations, communities, and ecosystems in urban and suburban landscapes. Expand
Ecological Economics: Reintegrating the Study of Humans and Nature
TLDR
Examples of integrated assessment and modeling studies at local, regional, and global scales are discussed as cases that both require and force the integration of ecology and economics and help to build common understanding of linked ecological-economic systems. Expand
Ecosystem processes along an urban-to-rural gradient
In order to understand the effect of urban development on the functioning of forest ecosystems, during the past decade we have been studying red oak stands located on similar soil along anExpand
Urban Patterns and Environmental Performance: What Do We Know?
This paper reviews the empirical evidence on the relationships between urban patterns and various dimensions of environmental quality and performance. I first examine approaches to measuring urbanExpand
Humans as components of ecosystems : the ecology of subtle human effects and populated areas
1 Introduction: Scope and Need for an Ecology of Subtle Human Effects and Populated Areas.- Section I The Human Factor: Perception and Processes.- 2 The History and Present Entanglements of SomeExpand
Development inside Urban Growth Boundaries: Oregon's Empirical Evidence of Contiguous Urban Form
Abstract Both popular and professional literatures have expounded on the problems (and sometimes the benefits) of urban sprawl. We all know it when we see it, but defining it in ways that facilitateExpand
Spatial sustainability, trade and indicators: an evaluation of the ‘ecological footprint’
The search for frameworks and indicators of sustainable development has taken a prominent place in this journal. However, some specific aspects have received little or no attention, notably theExpand
Ecosystem Structure and Function along Urban‐Rural Gradients: An Unexploited Opportunity for Ecology
TLDR
The increase in urban population throughout the country has resulted in the conversion of cropland, pastures, and forests into urban and suburban environments. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...