The Implications of CD36 Alteration on Rodent Skeletal Muscle Lipid Metabolism
- Stuart Vincent Lally, James S.V. Lally
Cultured heart cells from chick embryo accumulate fatty acids up to 50 fold at a steady-state level under defined conditions [ref.1]. Studies of fatty acid uptake as a function of different cellular parameters (intracellular ATP and pH, membrane potential and electrochemical gradients for monovalent and divalent cations) show the lack of effect of these factors. The rate of uptake is temperature-dependent. The maximum velocity V is affected with no change in the Km value of the saturable component; the activation energies were found to be 35.5 kJ.mol-1 for palmitate and 42 kJ.mol-1 for oleate. The results are in favour of a facilitation process which leads to an accumulation of fatty acids without energy dependence. The accumulation of fatty acids could be due to their association to intracellular membraneous and/or cytosolic components.