Upper neck spinal accessory nerve identification during neck dissection.

@article{Tatla2005UpperNS,
  title={Upper neck spinal accessory nerve identification during neck dissection.},
  author={Taran Tatla and Jeeve Kanagalingam and Anooj Majithia and Peter Clarke},
  journal={The Journal of laryngology and otology},
  year={2005},
  volume={119 11},
  pages={
          906-8
        }
}
Iatrogenic injury to the spinal accessory nerve (SAN) during neck dissection may result in significant and avoidable morbidity in the form of 'shoulder syndrome'. The authors describe a simple method, based on the anatomy of the sternocleidomastoid muscle (SCM), which allows consistent and rapid identification of the SAN in the upper neck during dissection, thereby facilitating its preservation. 

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