Upper lip changes correlated to maxillary incisor retraction--a metallic implant study.

@article{Ramos2005UpperLC,
  title={Upper lip changes correlated to maxillary incisor retraction--a metallic implant study.},
  author={Adilson Luiz Ramos and Maur{\'i}cio Tatsuei Sakima and Ary dos Santos Pinto and S Jay Bowman},
  journal={The Angle orthodontist},
  year={2005},
  volume={75 4},
  pages={499-505}
}
The soft tissue changes after the extraction of maxillary first premolars and subsequent anterior tooth retraction were evaluated for 16 Class II, division 1 patients. Pre- and posttreatment lateral head cephalograms were evaluated using superimpositions on Björk-type metallic implants in the maxilla. The patient sample was divided into group I patients, those who did exhibit lip seal at rest in the pretreatment cephalogram and group II patients, those who did not exhibit lip seal at rest in… CONTINUE READING

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