Upper hemisternotomy.


Minimally invasive approaches are increasingly used in cardiac surgical procedures. Common approaches include upper hemisternotomy and right anterolateral thoracotomy. The additional exposure gained from conventional sternotomy does not greatly improve the access to the aortic valve and proximal thoracic aorta. Minimal access approaches have an equivalent… (More)
DOI: 10.1510/mmcts.2017.009


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