Upgrade to biventricular pacing in patients with conventional pacemakers and heart failure: a double-blind, randomized crossover study.

@article{Hijer2006UpgradeTB,
  title={Upgrade to biventricular pacing in patients with conventional pacemakers and heart failure: a double-blind, randomized crossover study.},
  author={Carl J H{\"o}ijer and Carl J. Meurling and Johan Brandt},
  journal={Europace : European pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac electrophysiology : journal of the working groups on cardiac pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac cellular electrophysiology of the European Society of Cardiology},
  year={2006},
  volume={8 1},
  pages={51-5}
}
AIMS To investigate whether patients with previously implanted conventional pacemakers and severe heart failure benefit from an upgrade to a biventricular system. METHODS AND RESULTS Study inclusion criteria were New York Heart Association (NYHA) classes III and IV, dominant paced rhythm, and no left bundle branch block in the pre-pacing ECG. Ten patients with pacemakers (four VVIR due to slow atrial fibrillation and six DDDR, of which four were due to high-degree atrioventricular block and… CONTINUE READING
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