Upflows in funnel-like legs of coronal magnetic loops


The prominent blue shifts of Ne viii associated with the junctions of the magnetic network in the quiet Sun are still not well understood. By comparing the coronal magnetic-field structures as obtained by a potential-field reconstruction with the conspicuous blue-shift patches on the dopplergram of Ne viii as observed in an equatorial quiet-Sun region, we find that most of the regions with significant upflow are associated with the funnel-like legs of magnetic loops and co-spatial with increments of the line width. These quasi-steady upflows can be regarded as the signatures of mass supply to coronal loops. By using the square-root of the line intensity as a proxy for the plasma density, the mass flux of the upflow in each funnel can be estimated. We find that the mass flux is anti-correlated with the funnel’s expansion factor as determined from the extrapolated magnetic field. One of the loop systems is associated with a coronal bright point, which was observed by several instruments and exhibited various morphologies in different wavelengths and viewing directions. A remarkable agreement between its magnetic structure and the associated EUV emission pattern was found, suggesting an almost potential-field nature of the coronal magnetic field. We also report the direct detection of a small-scale siphon flow by both STEREO satellites. However, this transient siphon flow occurred in a weak mixed-polarity-field region, which was outside the adjacent magnetic funnel, and thus it is perhaps not related to plasma upflow in the funnel. Based on these observations, we suggest that at upper-TR (transition region) temperatures the dominant flows in quiet-Sun coronal loops are long-lasting upflows rather than siphon flows. We also discuss the implications of our results for coronal heating and unresolved magnetic structures. Subject headings: Sun: corona—Sun: transition region—Sun: magnetic fields— Sun: UV radiation School of earth and space sciences, Peking University, 100871, Beijing, China; tianhui924@gmail.com Max-Planck-Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, 37191, Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany

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@inproceedings{Tian2009UpflowsIF, title={Upflows in funnel-like legs of coronal magnetic loops}, author={Hui D Tian and Eckart Marsch and Werner Curdt and Jiansen He}, year={2009} }