Updated estimates of biotic diversity and endemism for Madagascar

  title={Updated estimates of biotic diversity and endemism for Madagascar},
  author={Steven M. Goodman},
  pages={73 - 77}
  • S. Goodman
  • Published 1 January 2005
  • Environmental Science
  • Oryx
Madagascar is a critical priority for international conservation efforts, based on almost unparalleled levels of endemism, species diversity, and human threat. Field research conducted over the past two decades has greatly expanded knowledge of the island's biota, making it difficult for any single research team to maintain up to date estimates of biodiversity and endemism across taxonomic groups. The recent publication of The Natural History of Madagascar, a synthesis by nearly 300… 

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An Eocene/Oligocene onset for the origin of the Madagascan generic endemic flora, with the majority arising in the Miocene or more recently is supported, de-emphasize the importance of the Gondwanan break-up on the evolution of the flora.

Endemism and evolutionary history in conflict over Madagascar's freshwater conservation priorities

The causes of insect endemicity with the example of Madagascar

It is concluded that endemism in Madagascar is best explained locally by the dependence to environmental variability of the lotic species, and that dispersal capacities are the primary hindrance to colonising external suitable habitats.

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Effects of Altitude on the Conservation Biogeography of Lemurs in SouthEast Madagascar

The island of Madagascar is characterized by high levels of biodiversity and endemism, with at least 70 % of the 12,000 plant species and all of the approximately 93 primate species found nowhere

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It is concluded that most of the present-day biota of Madagascar is comprised of the descendents of Cenozoic dispersers, predominantly with African origins.

Speciation in Malagasy lemurs: a review of the cryptic diversity in genus Lepilemur

An overview of the current knowledge of the genus Lepilemur is given, three biogeography models related to lemurs distribution are summarized and compared in order to understand the reasons behind the high diversity among the species in the genus.

Aligning Conservation Priorities Across Taxa in Madagascar with High-Resolution Planning Tools

It is shown, in an analysis of wide taxonomic and geographic breadth and high spatial resolution, that multitaxonomic rather than single-taxon approaches are critical for identifying areas likely to promote the persistence of most species.



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Separated from the mainland of Africa for 160 million years, Madagascar has evolved an incredible wealth of biodiversity, with thousands of species that can be found nowhere else on earth. For

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A ‘silver bullet’ strategy on the part of conservation planners, focusing on ‘biodiversity hotspots’ where exceptional concentrations of endemic species are undergoing exceptional loss of habitat, is proposed.

Conspectus of the vascular plants of Madagascar: a taxonomic and conservation electronic database

The Conspectus of the Vascular Plants of Madagascar Project is an international multi-institutional effort involving the Missouri Botanical Garden (MO), the Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle (P),

World Atlas of Biodiversity: Earth's Living Resources in the 21st Century by Brian Groombridge & Martin D. Jenkins (2002), xii + 340 pp., University of California Press, California, USA. ISBN 0 520 23668 8 (hbk), £37.95, $54.95.

List of tables, figures and maps Foreword Introduction CHAPTER 1: THE BIOSPHERE The living planet Productivity and the carbon cycle CHAPTER 2: THE DIVERSITY OF ORGANISMS Biodiversity Evolution and


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  • 2002
Despite a constitution that condemns discrimination, as well as positive efforts by all stakeholders, Madagascar is still far from meeting the desired objectives of the Southern African Development

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  • 2000