Update on the Relationship of Fish Intake with Prostate, Breast, and Colorectal Cancers

  title={Update on the Relationship of Fish Intake with Prostate, Breast, and Colorectal Cancers},
  author={Aleix Sala-Vila and Philip C. Calder},
  journal={Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition},
  pages={855 - 871}
A systematic review of prospective cohort and case-control studies investigating relationships between the intake of fish and incidence of prostate, breast, or colorectal cancers was conducted. A total of 106 studies fulfilled the requirements stated in the “Search strategy and selection criteria.” Among 273 estimates of association reported by these studies, 53 indicated decreased risk while 12 indicated increased risk associated with fish intake. The hypothesis linking fish consumption and… 
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Fish intake is positively associated with breast cancer incidence rate.
It was showed that higher intakes of fish were significantly associated with higher incidence rates of breast cancer and the association was present only for development of ER+ breast cancer.
Fish consumption and colorectal cancer: a case–reference study in Japan
The results suggest that frequent raw/cooked fish intake may decrease the risk of developing colorectal cancer while dried/salted fish, in contrast, may exert a detrimental effect.
Dietary intake and risk of postmenopausal breast cancer (United States)
The findings from this study support the results of several larger cohort studies and contribute to the evidence for the development of dietary recommendations for breast cancer risk reduction specific to postmenopausal women.
A 22-y prospective study of fish intake in relation to prostate cancer incidence and mortality.
Fish intake is unrelated to prostate cancer incidence but may improve prostate cancer survival, and associations became stronger when the analyses were restricted to clinically detected cases.
Meat, fish, and colorectal cancer risk: the European Prospective Investigation into cancer and nutrition.
It is confirmed that colorectal cancer risk is positively associated with high consumption of red and processed meat and support an inverse association with fish intake.
Case-control study of dietary etiological factors: the Melbourne Colorectal Cancer Study.
The combination of a high-fiber and high-vegetable intake was found to be protective against large bowel cancer and the use of vitamin supplements was highly protective.
Diet and risk of colorectal cancer in a cohort of Finnish men
In this cohort of men consuming a diet high in fat, meat, and fiber and low in vegetables, high calcium intake was associated with lowered risk of colorectal cancer.
A prospective study of intake of fish and marine fatty acids and prostate cancer.
  • K. Augustsson, D. Michaud, E. Giovannucci
  • Medicine
    Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology
  • 2003
It is found that men with high consumption of fish had a lower risk of prostate cancer, especially for metastatic cancer, and intake of marine fatty acids from food showed a similar but weaker association.
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The results provide no evidence for an association between fish intake and breast cancer risk in 310,671 women aged between 25 and 70 yr at recruitment into theEPIC.
Consumption of Meat, Animal Products, Protein, and Fat and Risk of Breast Cancer: A Prospective Cohort Study in New York
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