Update on iodine status worldwide

  title={Update on iodine status worldwide},
  author={Michael B. Zimmermann and Maria Andersson},
  journal={Current Opinion in Endocrinology \& Diabetes and Obesity},
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Salt iodization has been introduced in many countries to control iodine deficiency. [] Key MethodRECENT FINDINGS The most recent national data on HHIS were obtained from UNICEF. The most recent data on UICs, primarily national data in school-age children, were obtained from a systematic literature search, the International Council for the Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorders and the WHO Micronutrients Database.

Trend of Iodine Status in the Eastern Mediterranean Region and Impact of the Universal Salt Iodization Programs: a Narrative Review

This paper aims to evaluate the progress of countries in Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) toward the eradication of iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) and recommend operational action to support implementation of the WHO Regional Nutrition Strategy (2020–2030).

Estimating the Health and Economic Benefits of Universal Salt Iodization Programs to Correct Iodine Deficiency Disorders

The impact of USI on IDDs has significantly reduced the number of newborns affected by IDDs, and 720 million cases of clinical IDDs have been prevented by USI, mainly in low- and middle-income countries.

Standardized Map of Iodine Status in Europe.

It is demonstrated that iodine deficiency is still present in Europe, using standardized data from a large number of studies, which calls for action to ensure that non-iodized salt is replaced by iodized salt more often.

Median Urinary Iodine Concentrations Are Indicative of Adequate Iodine Status among Women of Reproductive Age in Prey Veng, Cambodia

It is concluded that non-pregnant and pregnant women in rural Prey Veng, Cambodia had adequate iodine status based on single spot morning urine samples collected in 2012.

Iodine status of the population in Russia and the world: what do we have for 2019?

The article presents the most relevant data of the world literature on the problem of iodine status as well as research data from different years in the following regions of the Russian Federation, where iodine deficiency of mild severity was noted.

Iodine Status in the Colombian Population and the Impact of Universal Salt Iodization: A Double-Edged Sword?

This review analyzes universal salt iodization programs worldwide, particularly their impact on the thyroid gland and the results of the studies conducted in Colombia following the implementation of such strategy.

Iodine status in Norwegian preschool children and associations with dietary iodine sources: the FINS-KIDS study

The preschoolers had adequate iodine status and low intake of sweet milk and dairy products were associated with low iodine status.

Changes in iodine status among US adults, 2001–2012

Abstract Urinary iodine concentrations (UICs) in the US have been reported to be stable since 1988–1994, although those in selected subgroups remained low. We aimed to investigate iodine status among



Global iodine status in 2011 and trends over the past decade.

Although iodine nutrition has been improving since 2003, global progress may be slowing and intervention programs need to be extended to reach the nearly one-third of the global population that still has inadequate iodine intakes.

Current global iodine status and progress over the last decade towards the elimination of iodine deficiency.

Forty-three countries have reached optimal iodine nutrition, and strengthened UI monitoring is required to ensure that salt iodization is having the desired impact, to identify at-risk populations and to ensure sustainable prevention and control of iodine deficiency.

Comparison of Median Urinary Iodine Concentration as an Indicator of Iodine Status among Pregnant Women, School-Age Children, and Nonpregnant Women

Whether the median urinary iodine concentration of school-age children or nonpregnant women can be used to accurately represent the iodine status of pregnant women is assessed.

Urinary iodine concentrations indicate iodine deficiency in pregnant Thai women but iodine sufficiency in their school-aged children.

The data suggest the median UI in school-aged children should not be used as a surrogate for monitoring iodine status in pregnancy in central Thailand; pregnant women should be directly monitored.

The Swiss iodized salt program provides adequate iodine for school children and pregnant women, but weaning infants not receiving iodine-containing complementary foods as well as their mothers are iodine deficient.

It is confirmed that Swiss school children and pregnant women remain iodine sufficient and then to assess iodine status in infancy and the relative contribution of breast milk and IFM/CF to their iodine intakes.

Ten repeat collections for urinary iodine from spot samples or 24-hour samples are needed to reliably estimate individual iodine status in women.

The large number of repeated urine samples needed to estimate individual iodine status is a major limitation and emphasizes the need for further investigation of more practical biomarkers ofindividual iodine status.

The State of the World's Children, 2004: Girls, Education And Development

The State of the World’s Children 2004 emphasizes the important role that girls’ education plays in advancing human development. It highlights strategies, programmes and initiatives in place in

Iodine deficiency disorders

  • U. Kapil
  • Medicine
    Indian journal of pediatrics
  • 2001

Sustaining elimination of iodine deficiency disorders.