Up-regulation of fas ligand at early stages and down-regulation of Fas at progressed stages of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma reflect evasion from immune surveillance.


We examined immunohistochemically the possible participation of the Fas/Fas ligand (FasL) system in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) during the escape from immune surveillance, using 68 cases of ICC, 29 cases of normal intrahepatic large bile ducts, and 18 cases of biliary dysplasia. Apoptosis of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) was examined by… (More)


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