Up-Regulation of PTHrP and Bcl-2 Expression Characterizes the Progression of Osteochondroma towards Peripheral Chondrosarcoma and Is a Late Event in Central Chondrosarcoma

Abstract

Chondrosarcomas are malignant cartilage-forming tumors arising centrally in bone (central chondrosarcoma) or within the cartilaginous cap of osteochondroma (peripheral chondrosarcoma). For hereditary multiple osteochondromas, two responsible genes, EXT1 and EXT2, have been cloned. Their recently elucidated role in heparan sulfate biosynthesis and Hedgehog… (More)
DOI: 10.1038/labinvest.3780202

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