Untapped potential: exploiting fungi in bioremediation of hazardous chemicals

  title={Untapped potential: exploiting fungi in bioremediation of hazardous chemicals},
  author={Hauke Harms and Dietmar Schlosser and Lukas Y. Wick},
  journal={Nature Reviews Microbiology},
Fungi possess the biochemical and ecological capacity to degrade environmental organic chemicals and to decrease the risk associated with metals, metalloids and radionuclides, either by chemical modification or by influencing chemical bioavailability. Furthermore, the ability of these fungi to form extended mycelial networks, the low specificity of their catabolic enzymes and their independence from using pollutants as a growth substrate make these fungi well suited for bioremediation processes… Expand
Roles of saprotrophic fungi in biodegradation or transformation of organic and inorganic pollutants in co-contaminated sites
Different ecological, metabolic, and physiological aspects involved in fungal bioremediation of co-contaminated soils and water systems are reviewed, not only addressing best methods and approaches to assess the simultaneous presence of metals and organic toxic compounds and their consequences on provided ecosystem services but also the interactions between fungi and bacteria. Expand
Potential of non-ligninolytic fungi in bioremediation of chlorinated and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.
The bioremediation potential of non-ligninolytic fungi with respect to chlorinated hydrocarbons and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAHs) is described and known conversion pathways and the prospects for future research are shown. Expand
Potential of White-Rot Fungi to Treat Xenobiotic-Containing Wastewater
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Marine-Derived Fungi: Prospective Candidates for Bioremediation
With increased industrialization and urbanization, there has been an increased level of pollutants in the environment. It is imperative to reduce concentration of toxic compounds in the effluent toExpand
Mechanistic evaluation of bioremediation properties of fungi
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Fungi as potential candidates for bioremediation
Abstract The accumulations of waste and hazardous material have often increased toxicity level in nature, causing several adverse effects including human health. At present, the incineration isExpand
Role of Penicillium Species in Bioremediation Processes
Abstract Environmental pollution, particularly that caused by various industrial activities, is responsible for the accelerated flux of organic and inorganic matter in the ecosphere. Xenobiotics suchExpand
Endophytes as Pollutant-Degrading Agents: Current Trends and Perspectives
Bioremediation is based on biological systems, bacteria, fungi, and plants. They are effective systems to treat a polluted site because they are able to modify the chemical structure of theExpand
WITHDRAWN: Fungi in the bioremediation of toxic effluents
Abstract The bioremediation of effluents contaminated by recalcitrant and toxic emerging compounds has become a universal concern, in order to prevent environmental pollution. Several techniques haveExpand
Mycoremediation of Organic Pollutants: Principles, Opportunities, and Pitfalls
The possibility of using fungi and fungal enzymes in the remediation of persistent organopullutants is a subject of keen interest to both microbiologists and scientists working in the auspices of theExpand


Recent developments in biodegradation of industrial pollutants by white rot fungi and their enzyme system
This review has tried to cover the latest developments on enzyme systems of WRF, their low molecular mass mediators and their potential use for bioremediation of industrial pollutants. Expand
Ectomycorrhizas — extending the capabilities of rhizosphere remediation?
Abstract The potential of ectomycorrhizal (ECM) associations to facilitate clean-up of soil contaminated with persistent organic pollutants (POPs) is considered. Most ECM fungi screened forExpand
Feasibility of bioremediation by white-rot fungi
  • S. Pointing
  • Chemistry, Medicine
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • 2001
Evidence for the involvement of ligninolytic enzymes in white-rot fungal degradation of munitions waste, pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, bleach plant effluent, synthetic dyes, synthetic polymers, and wood preservatives is presented. Expand
Laccases for removal of recalcitrant and emerging pollutants.
A global overview of parameters affecting the biocatalysis of pollutants by laccases, particularly with regard to the economical production of these enzymes using synthetic media and waste materials, is timely. Expand
Pollutants Biodegradation by Fungi
One of the major problems facing the industrialized world today is the contamination of soils, ground water, sediments, surfacewater and air with hazardous and toxic chemicals. The application ofExpand
Fungal laccases - occurrence and properties.
  • P. Baldrian
  • Medicine, Biology
  • FEMS microbiology reviews
  • 2006
The fact that laccases only require molecular oxygen for catalysis makes them suitable for biotechnological applications for the transformation or immobilization of xenobiotic compounds. Expand
Principles of microbial PAH-degradation in soil.
This review discusses the microbial PAH-degradation with special emphasis on both biological and physico-chemical factors influencing the biodegradation of poorly available PAHs. Expand
Fungi growing on aromatic hydrocarbons: biotechnology's unexpected encounter with biohazard?
There may be physiological connections between hydrocarbon assimilation and certain patterns of mammalian infection, based in part on re-evaluation of a collection of published hydrocarbon-degrading isolates obtained from authors around the world. Expand
Biosorption: critical review of scientific rationale, environmental importance and significance for pollution treatment
Biosorption may be simply defined as the removal of substances from solution by biological material. Such substances can be organic and inorganic, and in gaseous, soluble or insoluble forms.Expand
Treatment of colored effluents with lignin-degrading enzymes: an emerging role of marine-derived fungi.
A critical review of bioremediation potential of free mycelia, mycelial pellets, immobilized fungi or their lignin-degrading enzymes in comparison with the state-of-the-art in terrestrial white-rot fungi is presented. Expand