Untangling the Environmentalist's Paradox: Why is Human Well-Being Increasing as Ecosystem Services Degrade?

  title={Untangling the Environmentalist's Paradox: Why is Human Well-Being Increasing as Ecosystem Services Degrade?},
  author={Ciara Raudsepp-Hearne and G. Peterson and Maria Teng{\"o} and E. M. Bennett and Tim Holland and Karina Benessaiah and G. K. MacDonald and Laura M. Pfeifer},
  • Ciara Raudsepp-Hearne, G. Peterson, +5 authors Laura M. Pfeifer
  • Published 2010
  • Economics
  • Environmentalists have argued that ecological degradation will lead to declines in the well-being of people dependent on ecosystem services. The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment paradoxically found that human well-being has increased despite large global declines in most ecosystem services. We assess four explanations of these divergent trends: (1) We have measured well-being incorrectly; (2) well-being is dependent on food services, which are increasing, and not on other services that are… CONTINUE READING
    345 Citations
    Assessing the Top Performers: Mindful Conservatism and 'Sustainable Development'
    • 2
    • PDF


    Science for managing ecosystem services: Beyond the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment
    • 1,607
    • PDF
    Managing ecosystem services: what do we need to know about their ecology?
    • C. Kremen
    • Business, Environmental Science
    • Ecology letters
    • 2005
    • 1,168
    • PDF
    Nature's services: societal dependence on natural ecosystems.
    • 3,296
    • PDF
    Is current consumption excessive? A general framework and some indications for the United States.
    • P. Ehrlich, L. Goulder
    • Economics, Medicine
    • Conservation biology : the journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
    • 2007
    • 62
    • PDF
    Ecosystems and human well-being: a framework for assessment
    • 2,129
    • PDF
    Toward Measuring the Impact of Ecological Disintegrity on Human Health
    • 33
    Global environmental change and human health
    • 20
    • PDF