Unspeaking on Facebook? Testing network effects on self-censorship of political expressions in social network sites

@article{Kwon2015UnspeakingOF,
  title={Unspeaking on Facebook? Testing network effects on self-censorship of political expressions in social network sites},
  author={Kyunghee “Hazel” Kwon and Shin-Il Moon and Michael Stefanone},
  journal={Quality \& Quantity},
  year={2015},
  volume={49},
  pages={1417-1435}
}
The aim of this study is to explore online social network exposure effects on predicting individual’s willingness to self-censor political expression (WTSC) and political posting behaviors. The spiral of silence (SOS) theory is applied to the context of online social networks wherein three major network characteristics are highlighted: reduced privacy, integration of multiple social context/relationships, and increase in unanticipated exposure to different opinions. The discussion leads us to… 

Monitoring and Expressing Opinions on Social Networking Sites – Empirical Investigations based on the Spiral of Silence Theory

Social networking technologies such as Facebook are increasingly used for the exchange of information and opinions on politically and civically relevant issues. Drawing on the spiral of silence

Reluctance to Talk About Politics in Face-to-Face and Facebook Settings: Examining the Impact of Fear of Isolation, Willingness to Self-Censor, and Peer Network Characteristics

  • M. Chan
  • Business
    Social Media News and Its Impact
  • 2021
This study examines citizens’ willingness to publicly express support for a political party or candidate face-to-face and on Facebook during an election. Findings from a survey showed that fear of

Proactive Opinion Expression Avoidance about Same-Sex Marriage on Social Media: Acceptance, Reactance, and Self-Censorship

  • Tai-Yee Wu
  • Business
    Mass Communication and Society
  • 2021
ABSTRACT This study examines Facebook users’ intentions to adopt proactive opinion expression avoidance strategies (hide a post, unfollow, temporarily snooze, and unfriend a contact) when reacting to

Spiral of silence on social media and the moderating role of disagreement and publicness in the network: Analyzing expressive and withdrawal behaviors

TLDR
Results from the moderated mediation model with a panel lagged and autoregressive analysis suggest that fear of social isolation has an indirect effect on discouraging disagreeing opinion expression but not supporting opinion expression and on encouraging withdrawal behaviors through enhancing willingness to self-censor (WTSC) on social media.

Shifting Demographics: Understanding How Ethnically Diverse Networks Influence Latinos’ Political Uses of Social Media and Offline Political Engagement

Although prior work has demonstrated a link between online political engagement and offline participation, less is known about which mechanisms might influence online political opinion expression.

Facebook Role in Active Political Participation: Effects of Privacy, Online Participation and Exposure

The purpose of this paper was to explore the impact of Facebook’s privacy over Jordanian youth’s application of the social network in politically oriented actions. The paper also attempted to explore

Self-Reported Versus Digitally Recorded: Measuring Political Activity on Facebook

Facebook has been credited with expanding political activity by simultaneously lowering barriers to participation and creating new ways to engage. However, many of these findings rely on subjects’

Cultural Influences on Opinion Expression in an Online and Offline Context

This study compares the expression of opinion in incongruent offline and online settings regarding the issue of gender desegregation in Kuwait’s public schools. Spiral of silence theory provides

Who is the censor? Self-censorship of Russian journalists in professional routines and social networking

Today’s communicative environment, including the rise of social media, makes journalists perform publicly as both professionals and private citizens. In these circumstances, practices of

Information seeking behavior on Facebook: The role of censorship endorsement and personality

Facebook started as a platform intended for connecting people but it has developed into a rich information source. Based on the uses-and-gratification approach, we examined to what extent censorship
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 59 REFERENCES

Social Networks that Matter: Exploring the Role of Political Discussion for Online Political Participation

We examine the relationship between citizen-to-citizen discussions and online political participation considering various attributes of individuals’ social networks: Modality, discussants’ ties,

Social networking sites and political involvement

Social media, especially social networking sites (SNS) is an important platform for people to seek and share information. Its features of unique spread function, easy accessibility and wide content

Too Many Facebook “Friends”? Content Sharing and Sociability Versus the Need for Privacy in Social Network Sites

TLDR
The interviews revealed that Facebook users in all age groups reported more contact with several different groups of people, which reflects different types of social capital, and a significant difference between younger and older adults in time completion and task completion related to Facebook settings.

Networks of Political Action: Toward Theory Construction

The dominant paradigm in political participation studies largely ignores the microcontexts within which citizens are embedded. Drawing on generic processes of persuasion and selection, this study

Encountering "Difference" in the contemporary public sphere: The contribution of the internet to the heterogeneity of political discussion networks

This study explores the intersection of media use, political discussion, and exposure to political difference through a focus on how Internet use might affect the overall heterogeneity of people's

Self-Censorship on Facebook

TLDR
There is specific evidence supporting the theory that a user’s “perceived audience” lies at the heart of the issue: posts are censored more frequently than comments, with status updates and posts directed at groups censored most frequently of all sharing use cases investigated.

The virtual geographies of social networks: a comparative analysis of Facebook, LinkedIn and ASmallWorld

TLDR
Through this comparative examination, four themes emerged, highlighting the private/public balance present in each social networking site, styles of self-presentation in spaces privately public and publicly private, cultivation of taste performances as a mode of sociocultural identification and organization and the formation of tight or loose social settings.

Interacting or Just Acting? -A Case Study of European, Korean, and American Politicians' Interactions with the Public on Twitter

New media optimists have claimed that social technologies, such as the micro-blogging service, Twitter, stand to change political communication in positive ways. Many hope that new technologies can

Exemplifying a Dispositional Approach to Cross-Cultural Spiral of Silence Research: Fear of Social Isolation and the Inclination to Self-Censor

This article tests the cross-cultural generality of one tenet of spiral of silence theory using an individual difference approach. We argue that the spiral of silence phenomenon is, in part, a
...