Unregulated Trade in Turtle Shells for Chinese Traditional Medicine in East and Southeast Asia: The Case of Taiwan

  title={Unregulated Trade in Turtle Shells for Chinese Traditional Medicine in East and Southeast Asia: The Case of Taiwan},
  author={Tien Hsi Chen and Hsien-Cheh Chang and Kuang Yang Lue},
Abstract Based on customs trade statistics from 1999 to 2008, a total of 1989 metric tons of shells of hard-shelled chelonians have been imported into Taiwan for consumption in the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) market, with an average of 198.9 metric tons/y. The total amount of soft-shell turtle shells imported was 290 metric tons, averaging 29.0 metric tons/y. This volume indicates that millions of turtles and tortoises have been killed annually for the TCM market in Taiwan alone. The… 

Taxonomic and Morphometric Analysis of a Trade Confiscation of Turtle Shells from Java, Indonesia

A single large illegal shipment of turtle shells weighing 897 kg and containing approximately 10,000 whole and broken turtle plastra originating from Java, Indonesia, was confiscated in Hong Kong in

The Threat of Appendix CITES-Listed Turtles Harvesting in Central Borneo and South Sumatra

Exploitation freshwater turtle for local consumption, medicine, and pet in several parts in Asia caused the declining populations in the wild. The purpose of this study is to evaluate of turtle

The Role of Thailand in the International Trade in CITES-Listed Live Reptiles and Amphibians

While there has been an increase in imports of amphibian and reptiles into Thailand, erratic patterns in proportions of captive-bred specimens and volumes suggests either capricious markets or errors in reporting.

Demographic Evidence of Illegal Harvesting of an Endangered Asian Turtle

The effects of illegal harvesting on the demography of populations in Hong Kong were examined using mark-recapture methods to compare demographic characteristics between sites with harvesting histories and one site in a fully protected area.

A Primer to the Global Trade of Reptiles: Magnitude, Key Challenges, and Implications for Conservation

  • J.A.M. Janssen
  • Environmental Science, Biology
    Wildlife Biodiversity Conservation
  • 2021
The international trade in live reptiles impacts significantly more species, with international trade documented for at least 642 taxa, and the largest trade in volume for all uses of reptile species and included 75 species from 2000 to 2017.

Harvesting trends of Amboina box turtles (Cuora amboinensis) seventeen years after listing in Appendix II CITES

Fauzi MA, Hamidy A, Kurniawan N. 2020. Harvesting trends of Amboina box turtles (Cuora amboinensis) seventeen years after listing in Appendix II CITES. Biodiversitas 21: 1142-1148. Among Southeast

An overview of international wildlife trade from Southeast Asia

  • V. Nijman
  • Environmental Science
    Biodiversity and Conservation
  • 2009
Wildlife trade is the very heart of biodiversity conservation and sustainable development providing an income for some of the least economically affluent people and it generates considerable revenue

Common Sun Skink Eutropis multifasciata (Kuhl 1820) sold for Traditional Medicine in Indonesia and potential conservation implications

Reptiles are one of the most frequently encountered animal species in the trade for traditional medicine. The use of reptiles for medicinal purposes has been documented throughout the world,

Siebenrockiella crassicollis Trade Using Marketplace in Indonesia

Siebenrockiella crassicollis is one of the most demanded freshwater turtle in the international market. Being indexed in Appendix II CITES and categorized as Vulnerable by IUCN, the trade of this



Evidence for the massive scale of turtle farming in China

Abstract One of the main threats to the survival of Asian turtles is the demand in China for turtles for use as food and medicine products. As the demand for turtle products escalated over the past

Quantifying the Asian turtle crisis: market surveys in southern China, 2000–2003

1. A total of 950 251 individuals of 157 turtle species were recorded during a 35-month survey of the turtle trade in Hong Kong, Shenzhen and Guangzhou, southern China. All but two of the 157

A survey on alien pet reptiles in Taiwan.

Ten popular, 14 dangerous, and 8 CITES I species are suggested for careful management and strict regulation of alien pet reptiles in Taiwan from March 2004 to February 2005.

Reptiles as a food resource

It is imperative that more attention be focused on the development of sustainable use programmes for reptiles, especially turtles and snakes, given the economic importance of reptiles as sources of protein and other highly valued commodities.

Challenges in Evaluating the Impact of the Trade in Amphibians and Reptiles on Wild Populations

The overcollecting of some species highlights the need to assess the trade and ensure that it is not contributing to declines in wild populations, and policy changes to acquire baseline biological information are urgently needed.

[Identification of turtle shell, tortoise plastron and their counterfeit products].

Sea turtle shells presently on the market are sham commodities of turtle shell, which derive from Lissemys punctata and Pelochelys bibroni indigenous to south Asia, while plastrons of Ocadia sinensis, Chelonia mydas and Lepidochelys olivacea are counterfeit products of tortoise plastron.

Discrepancies in Reported Levels of International Wildlife Trade

Abstract:  The international wildlife trade is a principal cause of biodiversity loss, involving hundreds of millions of plants and animals each year, yet wildlife trade records are notoriously

Demographics of Common Snapping Turtles (Chelydra serpentina): Implications for Conservation and Management of Long-lived Organisms

Life history traits of long-lived organisms consist of co-evolved traits that severely constrain the ability of populations to respond to chronic disturbances, and successful management and conservation programs for long- lived organisms will be those that recognize that protection of all life stages is necessary.

The Global Decline of Reptiles, Déjà Vu Amphibians

Public attitudes about the need for conservation of reptiles are probably linked to concern about amphibian declines and deformities, and counts of “officially” recognized endangered and threatened species are likely to grossly underestimate the actual number of imperiled s pecies.

Species Identification of Kachuga tecta Using the Cytochrome b Gene

The method established by this study is an additional method for the identification of samples protected under Convention International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) and will improve the work for the preservation of the endangered species.