Unraveling the Mystery of Indian Monsoon Failure During El Niño

@article{Kumar2006UnravelingTM,
  title={Unraveling the Mystery of Indian Monsoon Failure During El Niño},
  author={K. Krishna Kumar and Balaji Rajagopalan and Martin P. Hoerling and Gary T. Bates and Mark A. Cane},
  journal={Science},
  year={2006},
  volume={314},
  pages={115 - 119}
}
The 132-year historical rainfall record reveals that severe droughts in India have always been accompanied by El Niño events. Yet El Niño events have not always produced severe droughts. We show that El Niño events with the warmest sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies in the central equatorial Pacific are more effective in focusing drought-producing subsidence over India than events with the warmest SSTs in the eastern equatorial Pacific. The physical basis for such different impacts is… 
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NOTES AND CORRESPONDENCE Timing of El Niño-Related Warming and Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall
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