Unpacking the Concept of Virtuality: The Effects of Geographic Dispersion, Electronic Dependence, Dynamic Structure, and National Diversity on Team Innovation

@article{Gibson2006UnpackingTC,
  title={Unpacking the Concept of Virtuality: The Effects of Geographic Dispersion, Electronic Dependence, Dynamic Structure, and National Diversity on Team Innovation},
  author={Cristina B. Gibson and Jennifer L. Gibbs},
  journal={Administrative Science Quarterly},
  year={2006},
  volume={51},
  pages={451 - 495}
}
To understand why the virtual design strategies that organizations create to foster innovation may in fact hinder it, we unpack four characteristics often associated with the term ‘virtuality’ (geographic dispersion, electronic dependence, structural dynamism, and national diversity) and argue that each hinders innovation through unique mechanisms, many of which can be overcome by creating a psychologically safe communication climate. We first tested the plausibility of our arguments using in… 

Tables from this paper

Framing the Effects of Multinational Cultural Diversity on Virtual Team Processes

Globalization of the economy and the technological revolution has led to increased reliance on teams with geographically distributed membership, which has increased multiculturalism in the workplace.

The role of context in overcoming distance-related problems in global virtual teams: an organizational discontinuity theory perspective

Abstract Working at a distance has become a hot topic since the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic. One type of work unit that naturally faces both physical and social distance is the Global Virtual

Bridging the Social Chasm in Geographically Distributed R&D Teams: The Moderating Effects of Relational Strength and Status Asymmetry on the Novelty of Team Innovation

It is argued and demonstrated that the degree of teams' innovative novelty is curvilinear: it increases and then decreases as the geographic dispersion of the team members increases, and it is established that the effect of geographical dispersion on the novelty of a team's innovation depends on the team's social environment.

Routine dynamics in virtual teams: the role of technological artifacts

The authors show that the use of the particular types of ICTs enabled team members to confidently and meaningfully relate to the overall routine activity and coordinate their actions in a context characterized by physical distance and extensive reliance on communication and collaboration technologies.

Harnessing demographic differences in organizations: What moderates the effects of workplace diversity?

Using the Categorization‐Elaboration Model as a theoretical lens, variables moderating the effects of workplace diversity on social integration, performance, and well‐being outcomes are reviewed, focusing on factors that organizations and managers have control over.

The Effects of Diversity in Global, Distributed Collectives: A Study of Open Source Project Success

This work uses a diversity lens to study the success of nontraditional virtual work groups exemplified by open source software (OSS) projects, and proposes that three types of diversity influence two critical outcomes for OSS projects: community engagement and market success.

Exploring the discursive construction of subgroups in global virtual teams

ABSTRACT The global teams literature has increasingly documented challenges due to demographic faultlines. While this literature tends to assume that faultlines are fixed and produce negative

The Effects of Diversity in Global , Distributed Collectives : A Study of User Participation in Open Source Projects

A diversity lens is used to investigate the success of non-traditional virtual work groups exemplified by open source software (OSS) projects and finds that variety diversity, as measured by diversity in both project roles and participant tenure, positively affects user participation.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 185 REFERENCES

How virtual are we? Measuring virtuality and understanding its impact in a global organization

A virtuality index is proposed to assess how ‘virtual’ a given setting is and their effect on perceived team performance, using the concept of discontinuities, or changes in expected conditions.

Relationship building and the use of ICT in boundary-crossing virtual teams: a facilitator's perspective

A field study of New Zealand-based virtual team facilitators working with boundary-spanning virtual teams finds that organizational boundary crossing was affected by differing organizational cultures and policies, while working across cultures required awareness and adjustment in relationship-building expectations and strategies.

Bridging Space Over Time: Global Virtual Team Dynamics and Effectiveness

Global virtual teams are internationally distributed groups of people with an organizational mandate to make or implement decisions with international components and implications. They are typically

Demography and Design: Predictors of New Product Team Performance

The increasing reliance on teams in organizations raises the question of how these teams should be formed. Should they be formed completely of engineers or should they include a range of specialists?

Influences on creativity in asynchronous virtual teams: a qualitative analysis of experimental teams

  • R. Ocker
  • Business
    IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication
  • 2005
This exploration is accomplished through an in-depth qualitative analysis of the team communication transcripts of ten virtual teams, composed of graduate students who interacted solely via an asynchronous, computer conferencing system to develop the high-level requirements and design for a new innovative product.

What Do We Know about Proximity and Distance in Work Groups? A Legacy of Research

Significant increases in the geographic distribution of work have been touted widely. Yet a large body of evidence suggests that close proximity is beneficial to relationships and group interaction.

Technology adaption: the case of a computer-supported inter-organizational virtual team 1

The adaptation process for new technology is not yet well understood. This study analyzes how an inter-organizational virtual team, tasked with creating a highly innovative product over a 10 month

Technology Adaptation: The Case of a Computer-Supported Inter-Organizational Virtual Team

This study analyzes how an inter-organizational virtual team, tasked with creating a highly innovative product over a 10 month period, adapted the use of a collaborative technology and successfully achieved its challenging objectives.

Communication and Trust in Global Virtual Teams

The results suggest that global virtual teams may experience a form of ‘swift’ trust but such trust appears to be very fragile and temporal.

The Dimensions and Antecedents of Team Virtuality

Team virtuality is an important factor that is gaining prominence in the literature on teams. Departing from previous research that focused on geographic dispersion, the authors define team
...