Unmasking the ‘muscle Jew’: the Jewish soldier in British war service, 1899–1945

@article{Schaffer2012UnmaskingT,
  title={Unmasking the ‘muscle Jew’: the Jewish soldier in British war service, 1899–1945},
  author={Gavin Schaffer},
  journal={Patterns of Prejudice},
  year={2012},
  volume={46},
  pages={375 - 396}
}
ABSTRACT Constructions of Jews in twentieth-century Europe have been riddled throughout with inconsistencies and contradictions. However, some themes have been surprisingly persistent, none more so than constructions of Jews as weak, effeminate and cowardly. Schaffer looks at one significant set of responses to such characterizations, specifically at the rise of the ‘muscle Jew’ in Jewish and non-Jewish thinking. After the term was coined by Max Nordau at the turn of the twentieth century, the… 
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