University-Industry-Government: The Triple Helix Model of Innovation

@inproceedings{Etzkowitz2010UniversityIndustryGovernmentTT,
  title={University-Industry-Government: The Triple Helix Model of Innovation},
  author={Henry Etzkowitz},
  year={2010}
}
In ancient Mesopotamia, a triple helix water screw, invented to raise water from one level to another, was the basis of a hydraulic system of agricultural innovation that irrigated ordinary farms as well as the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. i The triple helix as a physical innovation is superseded by the triple helix of social innovation. On one level triple helix is a metaphor for university, industry, and government interacting closely while each… CONTINUE READING

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