Universals and cultural variation in turn-taking in conversation.

@article{Stivers2009UniversalsAC,
  title={Universals and cultural variation in turn-taking in conversation.},
  author={Tanya Stivers and N. J. Enfield and Penelope Brown and Christina Englert and Makoto Hayashi and Trine Heinemann and Gertie Hoymann and Federico Rossano and Jan Peter de Ruiter and Kyung-Eun Yoon and Stephen C. Levinson},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
  year={2009},
  volume={106 26},
  pages={10587-92}
}
Informal verbal interaction is the core matrix for human social life. A mechanism for coordinating this basic mode of interaction is a system of turn-taking that regulates who is to speak and when. Yet relatively little is known about how this system varies across cultures. The anthropological literature reports significant cultural differences in the timing of turn-taking in ordinary conversation. We test these claims and show that in fact there are striking universals in the underlying… CONTINUE READING
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