# Universality and criticality of a second-order granular solid-liquid-like phase transition.

@article{Castillo2015UniversalityAC, title={Universality and criticality of a second-order granular solid-liquid-like phase transition.}, author={Gustavo Castillo and Nicol{\'a}s Mujica and Rodrigo Soto}, journal={Physical review. E, Statistical, nonlinear, and soft matter physics}, year={2015}, volume={91 1}, pages={ 012141 } }

We experimentally study the critical properties of the nonequilibrium solid-liquid-like transition that takes place in vibrated granular matter. The critical dynamics is characterized by the coupling of the density field with the bond-orientational order parameter Q(4), which measures the degree of local crystallization. Two setups are compared, which present the transition at different critical accelerations as a result of modifying the energy dissipation parameters. In both setups five…

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