Universal speech models for speaker independent single channel source separation
Supervised and semi-supervised source separation algorithms based on non-negative matrix factorization have been shown to be quite effective. However, they require isolated training examples of one or more sources, which is often difficult to obtain. This limits the practical applicability of these algorithms. We examine the problem of efficiently utilizing general training data in the absence of specific training examples. Specifically, we propose a method to learn a universal speech model from a general corpus of speech and show how to use this model to separate speech from other sound sources. This model is used in lieu of a speech model trained on speaker-dependent training examples, and thus circumvents the aforementioned problem. Our experimental results show that our method achieves nearly the same performance as when speaker-dependent training examples are used. Furthermore, we show that our method improves performance when training data of the non-speech source is available.