Universal Śaivism

  title={Universal Śaivism},
  author={Peter C. Bisschop},
Worshipping Viṣṇu’s Twelve Manifestations: A Glimpse into Early Medieval Vaiṣṇava Lay Practice
The paper traces the history of religious practices devoted to a particular set of the twelve manifestations of Viṣṇu. These practices are mostly monthly observances (vrata), which were widely known
Examining Amoghavajra’s flat-earth cosmology: religious vs. scientific worldviews in Buddhist astrology
  • J. Kotyk
  • Physics
    Studies in Chinese Religions
  • 2021
ABSTRACT This study examines the cosmology of the monk Amoghavajra (Bukong 不空; 705–774), as outlined in his astrological manual, the Xiuyao jing 宿曜經 (Sūtra of Lunar Stations and Planets), as well as
Navigating the Ocean of Dharma: The Composition of Sanskrit Scriptural Digests in the Dharmaśāstra and Śaiva Siddhānta Traditions
Scholars of Sanskrit literature in the second millennium CE had to deal with sizeable collections of sources claiming authority on different branches of knowledge and human experience. The need for
The kṛṣṇāṣṭamīvrata in the Śivadharmaśāstra
This article investigates the textual basis of the kṛṣṇāṣṭamīvrata, an observance first attested in the tenth chapter of the Śivadharmaśāstra. Given the great variety in readings of the versions
Buddhist and Śaiva Interactions in the Kali Age
In a much-discussed passage of the Kāraṇḍavyūhasūtra it is taught that Avalokiteśvara produced Maheśvara from his forehead. Maheśvara is introduced as a representative of the degenerative Kali age.


A Sacred Geography
  • 2012
Sources for Reconstructing Ancient Forms of Śiva Worship
  • H. Bakker
  • History
    Holy Ground: Where Art and Text Meet
  • 2019
History of Early Stone Sculpture at Mathura, CA. 150 BCE-100 CE
This volume provides the first comprehensive chronology of the earliest known stone sculptures from the north Indian city of Mathura. It includes new evidence for the reattribution of objects,
Three Chapters of Śaiva Material Added to the Earliest Known Recension of the Skandapurāṇa
An analysis of three chapters that figure only in the R/A recension of the original Skandapurāṇa. All of them deal with various aspects of śaivism: mythology, asceticism and religious festivities.
The Throne of Worship: An ‘Archaeological Tell’ of Religious Rivalries
The throne of worship, which is typically a colourful grotesque of theriomorphic theologemes that is to be visualized similarly in both internal and external worship, is a common feature of most