Unity and diversity of executive functions: Individual differences as a window on cognitive structure

@article{Friedman2017UnityAD,
  title={Unity and diversity of executive functions: Individual differences as a window on cognitive structure},
  author={Naomi P. Friedman and Akira Miyake},
  journal={Cortex},
  year={2017},
  volume={86},
  pages={186-204}
}
The Relationship Between Resting State Network Connectivity and Individual Differences in Executive Functions
TLDR
This work decomposes EF into three factors from the unity/diversity model of EFs: Common EF, Shifting-specific EF, and Updating- specific EF, measuring each via factor scores derived from a battery of behavioral tasks completed by 250 adult participants at the time of a resting-state scan to reveal a new degree of specificity with regard to connectivity/EF relationships.
Topographical functional correlates of interindividual differences in executive functions in young healthy twins
Executive functions (EF) are a set of higher-order cognitive abilities that enable goal-directed behavior by controlling lower-level operations. In the brain, those functions have been traditionally
The role of prefrontal cortex in cognitive control and executive function
TLDR
The relationships of CC with the general factor of psychopathology and dimensional constructs such as impulsivity in large scale developmental and adult populations are considered, as well as implications for genetic studies and RDoC approaches to psychiatric classification.
Executive functions predict verbal fluency scores in healthy participants
TLDR
It is demonstrated that speech production performance is strongly linked to specific EF subdomains, but they also suggest that inter-individual differences should be taken into account.
Multidimensionality in Executive Function Profiles in Schizophrenia: a Computational Approach Using the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task
Deficits in executive functions (EF) are frequently implicated in the aetiology of schizophrenia. However, no consensus exists regarding the contribution of EF to the dysfunctions observed in these
Unity and Diversity of Dysexecutive Syndromes
TLDR
This chapter discusses the developmental fractionation of executive function observed in behavioral task performances, as well as the establishment of specialized neural networks supporting executive functioning in the course of development.
Neuroanatomical Correlates of the Unity and Diversity Model of Executive Function in Young Adults
TLDR
Associations between individual differences in EF ability and regional neuroanatomical properties occur not only within classic brain networks thought to support EF, but also in a variety of other regions and white matter tracts.
Characterising the unity and diversity of executive functions in a within-subject fMRI study
TLDR
Four tasks derived from the same basic paradigm for updating, inhibition, switching, and dual-tasking demonstrate that the functional neuroanatomical correlates of the four investigated EFs show unity as well as diversity.
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