Unique characteristics of the Ainu population in Northern Japan

  title={Unique characteristics of the Ainu population in Northern Japan},
  author={Timothy A. Jinam and Hideaki Kanzawa-Kiriyama and Ituro Inoue and Katsushi Tokunaga and Keiichi Omoto and Naruya Saitou},
  journal={Journal of Human Genetics},
Various genetic data (classic markers, mitochondrial DNAs, Y chromosomes and genome-wide single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)) have confirmed the coexistence of three major human populations on the Japanese Archipelago: Ainu in Hokkaido, Ryukyuans in the Southern Islands and Mainland Japanese. We compared genome-wide SNP data of the Ainu, Ryukyuans and Mainland Japanese, and found the following results: (1) the Ainu are genetically different from Mainland Japanese living in Tohoku, the… 

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