Unilateral left prefrontal transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) produces intensity-dependent bilateral effects as measured by interleaved BOLD fMRI.

@article{Nahas2001UnilateralLP,
  title={Unilateral left prefrontal transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) produces intensity-dependent bilateral effects as measured by interleaved BOLD fMRI.},
  author={Ziad Nahas and Mikhail P Lomarev and Donna R Roberts and Ananda Shastri and Jeffrey P Lorberbaum and Charlotte Teneback and Kateesha A. McConnell and Diana J. Vincent and Xiaohua Li and Mark S. George and Daryl E. Bohning},
  journal={Biological psychiatry},
  year={2001},
  volume={50 9},
  pages={712-20}
}
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) administered over the prefrontal cortex has been shown to subtly influence neuropsychological tasks, and has antidepressant effects when applied daily for several weeks. Prefrontal TMS does not, however, produce an immediate easily observable effect, making it hard to determine if one has stimulated the cortex. Most prefrontal TMS studies have stimulated using intensity relative to the more easily determined motor threshold (MT) over motor cortex. Five… CONTINUE READING
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