Unilateral laparoscopic retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy for clinical stage I nonseminomatous testicular cancer.

Since June 1993, unilateral laparoscopic retroperitoneal lymph-node dissection (LRPLND) has been performed in six patients with clinical Stage I nonseminomatous germ-cell tumors (NSGCT). All of the patients had undergone prior radical orchiectomy. The testicular cancer was left-sided in three cases and right-sided in three cases. Preoperative staging by… CONTINUE READING